Rudolf Pfenninger

Rudolf Pfenninger (1899–1976) set designer, draftsman, sound engineer, and animated filmmaker. In 1918 Pfenninger began experimenting with film, from 1921 on, he worked as a cartoon animator. Particularly his attempts to make sound frequency visible on film made him famous. Pfenninger attempted to transfer tone directly to an optical track even before the Scot McLaren […]

Media Archaeology and Retroutopianism

“I’ll throw the damned rearview mirror out of the damned window because I don’t want to know where I’ve come from, but where I’m going.”1 – Frank Lloyd Wright The American architect is said to have been driving when he made the above remark in the nineteen-thirties, and to have snapped off and tossed out […]